Getting Started with KEDA

Published: Mar 14, 2020 by Isaac Johnson

A few weeks ago, a coworker of mine posted to our slack this medium articleabout KEDA and Kafka.I wasn’t familiar with Kubernetes-based Event Driven Autoscaler (KEDA)and wanted to find out more. It’s an official CNCF project and aims to provide event-driven (do a thing, trigger a thing) autoscaling.  It lead me to explore some of their samples.

Let’s learn more by following their Hello World with Azure Functions guide. This guide will require the Azure CLI as well as Azure Functions Core Tools.

Setup

We are going to need a cluster for this.  We could use any linux based cluster, but since we’re doing Azure Functions, might as well create a quick AKS cluster.

First, create a resource group:

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ az group create --name idjaksdemo --location eastus
{
  "id": "/subscriptions/70b42e6a-6faf-4fed-bcec-9f3995b1aca8/resourceGroups/idjaksdemo",
  "location": "eastus",
  "managedBy": null,
  "name": "idjaksdemo",
  "properties": {
    "provisioningState": "Succeeded"
  },
  "tags": null,
  "type": "Microsoft.Resources/resourceGroups"
}

Next, we’ll need a service principal for our Cluster to use.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ az ad sp create-for-rbac --name idjaksdemosp --skip-assi
gnment true
Changing "idjaksdemosp" to a valid URI of "http://idjaksdemosp", which is the required format used for service principal names
{
  "appId": "ca06a4a1-9b27-4be9-9869-e4279a2c3ea9",
  "displayName": "idjaksdemosp",
  "name": "http://idjaksdemosp",
  "password": "07150222-f20e-4d95-9f38-6f1fc8c33a7a",
  "tenant": "d73a39db-6eda-495d-8000-7579f56d68b7"
}

Lastly, let’s create that cluster (passing in the service principal and resource group).

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ az aks create -g idjaksdemo --name idjaksdemo01 --enable-rbac --service-principal ca06a4a1-9b27-4be9-9869-e4279a2c3ea9 --client-secret "07150222-f20e-4d95-9f38-6f1fc8c33a7a" --generate-ssh-keys
Argument 'enable_rbac' has been deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Use '--disable-rbac' instead.
{
  "aadProfile": null,
  "addonProfiles": null,
  "agentPoolProfiles": [
    {
      "availabilityZones": null,
      "count": 3,
      "enableAutoScaling": null,
      "enableNodePublicIp": null,
      "maxCount": null,
      "maxPods": 110,
      "minCount": null,
      "name": "nodepool1",
      "nodeLabels": null,
      "nodeTaints": null,
      "orchestratorVersion": "1.14.8",
      "osDiskSizeGb": 100,
      "osType": "Linux",
      "provisioningState": "Succeeded",
      "scaleSetEvictionPolicy": null,
      "scaleSetPriority": null,
      "tags": null,
      "type": "VirtualMachineScaleSets",
      "vmSize": "Standard_DS2_v2",
      "vnetSubnetId": null
    }
  ],
  "apiServerAccessProfile": null,
  "dnsPrefix": "idjaksdemo-idjaksdemo-70b42e",
  "enablePodSecurityPolicy": null,
  "enableRbac": true,
  "fqdn": "idjaksdemo-idjaksdemo-70b42e-23f077ed.hcp.eastus.azmk8s.io",
  "id": "/subscriptions/70b42e6a-6faf-4fed-bcec-9f3995b1aca8/resourcegroups/idjaksdemo/providers/Microsoft.ContainerService/managedClusters/idjaksdemo01",
  "identity": null,
  "identityProfile": null,
  "kubernetesVersion": "1.14.8",
  "linuxProfile": {
    "adminUsername": "azureuser",
    "ssh": {
      "publicKeys": [
        {
          "keyData": "ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQDHZ3iOnMMLkiltuikXSjqudfCHmQvIjBGMOuGk6wedwG8Xai3uv0M/X3Z2LS6Ac8tComKEKg7Zje2KFBnvBJvU5JqkTwNHnmp682tXf15EYgn4tB7MDz5DUARpcUXJbYfUg8yPUDveYHw8PEm1n+1MvLJN0ftvdORG5CQQEl/m7jErbJJQI70xg7C8/HG5GmJpIQjDl7UVsJANKab/2/bbUlG1Sqp4cQ/LwxKxQ6/QK/HVauxDkudoTkFLqukLWVjHvNZD37MC/wygSsEVYF+yrkNJySlNbMk4ZNmMwva1yLX8Shhr8G4wWe8QI9Ska8B0keSIu8fzRWxXAv2gB3xB"
        }
      ]
    }
  },
  "location": "eastus",
  "maxAgentPools": 10,
  "name": "idjaksdemo01",
  "networkProfile": {
    "dnsServiceIp": "10.0.0.10",
    "dockerBridgeCidr": "172.17.0.1/16",
    "loadBalancerProfile": {
      "allocatedOutboundPorts": null,
      "effectiveOutboundIps": [
        {
          "id": "/subscriptions/70b42e6a-6faf-4fed-bcec-9f3995b1aca8/resourceGroups/MC_idjaksdemo_idjaksdemo01_eastus/providers/Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/9ad9ab6c-165d-4e6e-8752-246a284183f7",
          "resourceGroup": "MC_idjaksdemo_idjaksdemo01_eastus"
        }
      ],
      "idleTimeoutInMinutes": null,
      "managedOutboundIps": {
        "count": 1
      },
      "outboundIpPrefixes": null,
      "outboundIps": null
    },
    "loadBalancerSku": "Standard",
    "networkPlugin": "kubenet",
    "networkPolicy": null,
    "outboundType": "loadBalancer",
    "podCidr": "10.244.0.0/16",
    "serviceCidr": "10.0.0.0/16"
  },
  "nodeResourceGroup": "MC_idjaksdemo_idjaksdemo01_eastus",
  "privateFqdn": null,
  "provisioningState": "Succeeded",
  "resourceGroup": "idjaksdemo",
  "servicePrincipalProfile": {
    "clientId": "ca06a4a1-9b27-4be9-9869-e4279a2c3ea9",
    "secret": null
  },
  "tags": null,
  "type": "Microsoft.ContainerService/ManagedClusters",
  "windowsProfile": null
}

Now that the cluster is running, let’s get the admin credentials.  

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ az aks get-credentials -n idjaksdemo01 -g idjaksdemo --admin
Merged "idjaksdemo01-admin" as current context in /home/builder/.kube/config
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ kubectl create namespace keda
namespace/keda created
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ helm repo add kedacore https://kedacore.github.io/charts
"kedacore" has been added to your repositories
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ helm repo update
Hang tight while we grab the latest from your chart repositories...
...Successfully got an update from the "kedacore" chart repository
...Successfully got an update from the "banzaicloud-stable" chart repository
...Successfully got an update from the "stable" chart repository
Update Complete. ⎈ Happy Helming!⎈
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:/mnt/c/WINDOWS/system32$ helm install keda kedacore/keda --namespace keda
manifest_sorter.go:175: info: skipping unknown hook: "crd-install"
manifest_sorter.go:175: info: skipping unknown hook: "crd-install"
NAME: keda
LAST DEPLOYED: Thu Mar 12 21:15:11 2020
NAMESPACE: keda
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 1
TEST SUITE: None

Azure Function

Let’s follow that guide to create a local node function that we can then deploy. (https://github.com/kedacore/sample-hello-world-azure-functions).  This is going to use Azure Queues which is the PaaS equivalent of Kafka.

Quick side note: i did switch to a newer node (nvm use 10.17.0).  I had some challenges later with node 8 (which i use for some sqlite issues i have with some other projects).

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ npm install -g azure-functions-core-tools@3 --unsafe-perm true
/home/builder/.nvm/versions/node/v8.10.0/bin/func -> /home/builder/.nvm/versions/node/v8.10.0/lib/node_modules/azure-functions-core-tools/lib/main.js
/home/builder/.nvm/versions/node/v8.10.0/bin/azurefunctions -> /home/builder/.nvm/versions/node/v8.10.0/lib/node_modules/azure-functions-core-tools/lib/main.js
/home/builder/.nvm/versions/node/v8.10.0/bin/azfun -> /home/builder/.nvm/versions/node/v8.10.0/lib/node_modules/azure-functions-core-tools/lib/main.js

> azure-functions-core-tools@3.0.2245 postinstall /home/builder/.nvm/versions/node/v8.10.0/lib/node_modules/azure-functions-core-tools
> node lib/install.js

attempting to GET "https://functionscdn.azureedge.net/public/3.0.2245/Azure.Functions.Cli.linux-x64.3.0.2245.zip"
[==================] Downloading Azure Functions Core Tools

Telemetry
---------
The Azure Functions Core tools collect usage data in order to help us improve your experience.
The data is anonymous and doesn't include any user specific or personal information. The data is collected by Microsoft.

You can opt-out of telemetry by setting the FUNCTIONS_CORE_TOOLS_TELEMETRY_OPTOUT environment variable to '1' or 'true' using your favorite shell.

+ azure-functions-core-tools@3.0.2245
added 53 packages in 106.967s


   ╭──────────────────────────────────────╮
   │ │
   │ Update available 5.6.0 → 6.14.2 │
   │ Run npm i -g npm to update │
   │ │
   ╰──────────────────────────────────────╯

Next, let’s create a new docker based function project.  This will fill the directory with content.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ func init . --docker
Select a number for worker runtime:
1. dotnet
2. node
3. python
4. powershell
Choose option: 2
node
Select a number for language:
1. javascript
2. typescript
Choose option: 1
javascript
Writing package.json
Writing .gitignore
Writing host.json
Writing local.settings.json
Writing /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda/.vscode/extensions.json
Writing Dockerfile
Writing .dockerignore

Now let’s instantiate a new function.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ func new
Select a number for template:
1. Azure Blob Storage trigger
2. Azure Cosmos DB trigger
3. Durable Functions activity
4. Durable Functions HTTP starter
5. Durable Functions orchestrator
6. Azure Event Grid trigger
7. Azure Event Hub trigger
8. HTTP trigger
9. IoT Hub (Event Hub)
10. Azure Queue Storage trigger
11. SendGrid
12. Azure Service Bus Queue trigger
13. Azure Service Bus Topic trigger
14. SignalR negotiate HTTP trigger
15. Timer trigger
Choose option: 10
Azure Queue Storage trigger
Function name: [QueueTrigger]
Writing /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda/QueueTrigger/index.js
Writing /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda/QueueTrigger/readme.md
Writing /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda/QueueTrigger/function.json
The function "QueueTrigger" was created successfully from the "Azure Queue Storage trigger" template.

We are going to need a storage account.  Since we have the CLI, let’s just create that here.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ az group create -l westus -n hello-keda
{
  "id": "/subscriptions/70b42e6a-6faf-4fed-bcec-9f3995b1aca8/resourceGroups/hello-keda",
  "location": "westus",
  "managedBy": null,
  "name": "hello-keda",
  "properties": {
    "provisioningState": "Succeeded"
  },
  "tags": null,
  "type": "Microsoft.Resources/resourceGroups"
}

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ az storage account create --sku Standard_LRS --location westus -g hello-keda -n kedastoragefunc

{
  "accessTier": "Hot",
  "azureFilesIdentityBasedAuthentication": null,
  "blobRestoreStatus": null,
  "creationTime": "2020-03-13T02:30:47.628604+00:00",
  "customDomain": null,
  "enableHttpsTrafficOnly": true,
  "encryption": {
    "keySource": "Microsoft.Storage",
    "keyVaultProperties": null,
    "services": {
      "blob": {
        "enabled": true,
        "keyType": "Account",
        "lastEnabledTime": "2020-03-13T02:30:47.691077+00:00"
      },
      "file": {
        "enabled": true,
        "keyType": "Account",
        "lastEnabledTime": "2020-03-13T02:30:47.691077+00:00"
      },
      "queue": null,
      "table": null
    }
  },
  "failoverInProgress": null,
  "geoReplicationStats": null,
  "id": "/subscriptions/70b42e6a-6faf-4fed-bcec-9f3995b1aca8/resourceGroups/hello-keda/providers/Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/kedastoragefunc",
  "identity": null,
  "isHnsEnabled": null,
  "kind": "StorageV2",
  "largeFileSharesState": null,
  "lastGeoFailoverTime": null,
  "location": "westus",
  "name": "kedastoragefunc",
  "networkRuleSet": {
    "bypass": "AzureServices",
    "defaultAction": "Allow",
    "ipRules": [],
    "virtualNetworkRules": []
  },
  "primaryEndpoints": {
    "blob": "https://kedastoragefunc.blob.core.windows.net/",
    "dfs": "https://kedastoragefunc.dfs.core.windows.net/",
    "file": "https://kedastoragefunc.file.core.windows.net/",
    "internetEndpoints": null,
    "microsoftEndpoints": null,
    "queue": "https://kedastoragefunc.queue.core.windows.net/",
    "table": "https://kedastoragefunc.table.core.windows.net/",
    "web": "https://kedastoragefunc.z22.web.core.windows.net/"
  },
  "primaryLocation": "westus",
  "privateEndpointConnections": [],
  "provisioningState": "Succeeded",
  "resourceGroup": "hello-keda",
  "routingPreference": null,
  "secondaryEndpoints": null,
  "secondaryLocation": null,
  "sku": {
    "name": "Standard_LRS",
    "tier": "Standard"
  },
  "statusOfPrimary": "available",
  "statusOfSecondary": null,
  "tags": {},
  "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts"
}

We can now set a local variable to the connection string for the storage account we just created:

CONNECTION_STRING=$(az storage account show-connection-string --name kedastoragefunc --query connectionString)

And next using it, create a storage queue.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ az storage queue create -n js-queue-itemtring $CONNECTION_STRING
{
  "created": true
}

One issue with the connection string is that it includes double quotes.  Let’s quickly make a variable that doesn’t have quotes.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ CONN_STR=`echo $CONNECTION_STRING | sed s#\"##g`

Next, since i plan to use it in a regexp, i need to make it regexp compliant.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ repl=$(sed -e 's/[&\\/]/\\&/g; s/$/\\/' -e '$s/\\$//' <<<"$CONN_STR")

Now i can insert it into the local.settings.json

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ sed -i "s/{AzureWebJobsStorage}/$repl/" local.settings.json
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ cat local.settings.json
{
  "IsEncrypted": false,
  "Values": {
    "FUNCTIONS_WORKER_RUNTIME": "node",
    "AzureWebJobsStorage": "DefaultEndpointsProtocol=https;EndpointSuffix=core.windows.net;AccountName=kedastoragefunc;AccountKey=thd3asdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdfasdafdsfasdfuA=="
  }

Next, we need to change the connection setting in the function.json to know to use it.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ sed -i 's/"connection": ""/"connection": "AzureWebJobsStorage"/g' QueueTrigger/function.json
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ cat QueueTrigger/function.json
{
  "bindings": [
    {
      "name": "myQueueItem",
      "type": "queueTrigger",
      "direction": "in",
      "queueName": "js-queue-items",
      "connection": "AzureWebJobsStorage"
    }
  ]
}

Lastly, verify host.version

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ cat host.json
{
  "version": "2.0",
  "extensionBundle": {
    "id": "Microsoft.Azure.Functions.ExtensionBundle",
    "version": "[1.*, 2.0.0)"
  }
}

Testing

Then start the function with “func start”:

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ func start

                  %%%%%%
                 %%%%%%
            @ %%%%%% @
          @@ %%%%%% @@
       @@@ %%%%%%%%%%% @@@
     @@ %%%%%%%%%% @@
       @@ %%%% @@
         @@ %%% @@
           @@ %% @@
                %%
                %

Azure Functions Core Tools (3.0.2245 Commit hash: 
...

We then head to the queue and insert a message.

When we click add, we should see it reflected in the interactive console:

[03/13/2020 23:31:21] Job host started
Hosting environment: Production
Content root path: /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda
Now listening on: http://0.0.0.0:7071
Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.
[03/13/2020 23:31:21] Worker 05f811c8-607d-4f3f-82a5-007a003fdf53 connecting on 127.0.0.1:46769
[03/13/2020 23:31:27] Host lock lease acquired by instance ID '00000000000000000000000055878859'.
[03/13/2020 23:31:39] Executing 'Functions.QueueTrigger' (Reason='New queue message detected on 'js-queue-items'.', Id=d12a44e0-7bd0-49a0-8304-360e68160a0d)
[03/13/2020 23:31:39] Trigger Details: MessageId: 1843d31c-ff3d-4736-b369-b242fe65e3ae, DequeueCount: 1, InsertionTime: 03/13/2020 23:31:36 +00:00
[03/13/2020 23:31:40] JavaScript queue trigger function processed work item Hello FreshBrewed!
[03/13/2020 23:31:40] Executed 'Functions.QueueTrigger' (Succeeded, Id=d12a44e0-7bd0-49a0-8304-360e68160a0d)

At this point, we have KEDA running in the cluster and have verified the function worked.   We can now install this function into KEDA.

Installing into Kubernetes

Now we can tie this all together.  First, let’s double check KEDA is installed correctly in the cluster:

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl get customresourcedefinition
NAME CREATED AT
scaledobjects.keda.k8s.io 2020-03-13T02:15:05Z
triggerauthentications.keda.k8s.io 2020-03-13T02:15:05Z

Let’s build and deploy

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ func kubernetes deploy --name hello-keda --registry idjohnson
Running 'docker build -t idjohnson/hello-keda /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda'..done
Error running docker build -t idjohnson/hello-keda /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda.
output:

Cannot connect to the Docker daemon at unix:///var/run/docker.sock. Is the docker daemon running?

I initially had an issue as docker was not exposed to WSL.  I just needed to expose on 2375 without TLS and then add WSL Support.

Eventually i managed to enable my ubuntu instances in WSL to use docker on my windows 10 laptop.  If you are on a Mac, this won’t apply to you.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ docker login
Login with your Docker ID to push and pull images from Docker Hub. If you don't have a Docker ID, head over to https://hub.docker.com to create one.
Username: idjohnson
Password:
WARNING! Your password will be stored unencrypted in /home/builder/.docker/config.json.
Configure a credential helper to remove this warning. See
https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/commandline/login/#credentials-store

Login Succeeded

Before we move on, there is an error in the Dockerfile, it’s missing npm.

We just need to add an apt install -y npm to the steps

That is

RUN cd /home/site/wwwroot && \
    npm install

becomes

RUN cd /home/site/wwwroot && \
    apt install -y npm && \
    npm install

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ cat Dockerfile
# To enable ssh & remote debugging on app service change the base image to the one below
# FROM mcr.microsoft.com/azure-functions/node:3.0-appservice
FROM mcr.microsoft.com/azure-functions/node:3.0

ENV AzureWebJobsScriptRoot=/home/site/wwwroot \
    AzureFunctionsJobHost __Logging__ Console__IsEnabled=true

COPY . /home/site/wwwroot

RUN cd /home/site/wwwroot && \
    apt install -y npm && \
    npm install

Deploy it into our cluster.  This step will build the image and push it to our registry (docker hub) then launch into the k8s cluster.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ func kubernetes deploy --name hello-keda --namespace keda --registry idjohnson
Running 'docker build -t idjohnson/hello-keda /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda'.......................................................................................done
Running 'docker push idjohnson/hello-keda'...............................................................................................................................................................done
secret/hello-keda created
deployment.apps/hello-keda created
scaledobject.keda.k8s.io/hello-keda created

Validation:

Get pods…

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl get deploy -n keda
NAME READY UP-TO-DATE AVAILABLE AGE
hello-keda 0/0 0 0 10m
keda 1/1 1 1 24m
keda-operator 1/1 1 1 24h
keda-operator-metrics-apiserver 1/1 1 1 24h

You should note 0 pods spun up.. Now lets watch.

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl get pods -n keda -w
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
keda-65cfff5bd8-fb5mq 2/2 Running 0 26m
keda-operator-6ddb57c944-2gs76 1/1 Running 0 24h
keda-operator-metrics-apiserver-76f5cbb769-mr58q 1/1 Running 0 24h

Send a message again via the portal..

And we should see (in less than a minute) pods spun up

Checking again and i see the queue has been emptied

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl get pods -n keda
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
hello-keda-55b6ccd77f-p6cdc 1/1 Running 0 116s
keda-65cfff5bd8-fb5mq 2/2 Running 0 29m
keda-operator-6ddb57c944-2gs76 1/1 Running 0 24h
keda-operator-metrics-apiserver-76f5cbb769-mr58q 1/1 Running 0 24h

Cleanup

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl delete deploy -n keda hello-keda
deployment.extensions "hello-keda" deleted
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl delete ScaledObject -n keda hello-keda
scaledobject.keda.k8s.io "hello-keda" deleted
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl delete Secret -n keda hello-keda
secret "hello-keda" deleted
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ az aks list -o table
Name Location ResourceGroup KubernetesVersion ProvisioningState Fqdn
------------ ---------- --------------- ------------------- ------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------
idjaksdemo01 eastus idjaksdemo 1.14.8 Succeeded idjaksdemo-idjaksdemo-70b42e-23f077ed.hcp.eastus.azmk8s.io
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ az aks delete -n idjaksdemo01 -g idjaksdemo
Are you sure you want to perform this operation? (y/n): Y
 - Running ..

But before we delete the storage account.. How might this look on pi4?

Attempting to run KEDA on ARM

Reinstall: https://keda.sh/deploy/

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ helm repo add kedacore https://kedacore.github.io/charts
"kedacore" has been added to your repositories
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ helm repo update
Hang tight while we grab the latest from your chart repositories...
...Successfully got an update from the "kedacore" chart repository
...Successfully got an update from the "banzaicloud-stable" chart repository
...Successfully got an update from the "stable" chart repository
Update Complete. ⎈ Happy Helming!⎈
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl create namespace keda
namespace/keda created
builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ helm install keda kedacore/keda --namespace keda
manifest_sorter.go:175: info: skipping unknown hook: "crd-install"
manifest_sorter.go:175: info: skipping unknown hook: "crd-install"
NAME: keda
LAST DEPLOYED: Fri Mar 13 22:22:27 2020
NAMESPACE: keda
STATUS: deployed
REVISION: 1
TEST SUITE: None

verification:

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl get customresourcedefinition
NAME CREATED AT
listenerconfigs.k3s.cattle.io 2019-08-25T01:42:42Z
addons.k3s.cattle.io 2019-08-25T01:42:42Z
helmcharts.helm.cattle.io 2019-08-25T01:42:42Z
triggerauthentications.keda.k8s.io 2020-03-14T03:22:06Z
scaledobjects.keda.k8s.io 2020-03-14T03:22:04Z

now deploy

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ func kubernetes deploy --name hello-keda --registry idjohnson
Running 'docker build -t idjohnson/hello-keda /home/builder/Workspaces/hello-keda'.........................................................done
Running 'docker push idjohnson/hello-keda'..................................................done
secret/hello-keda created
deployment.apps/hello-keda created
scaledobject.keda.k8s.io/hello-keda created

However, these images aren’t based on arm64:

builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl get pods -n keda
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
keda-operator-dbfbd6bdb-49cg7 0/1 CrashLoopBackOff 6 8m28s
keda-operator-metrics-apiserver-8678f8c5d9-gl6cj 0/1 CrashLoopBackOff 6 8m28s


builder@DESKTOP-2SQ9NQM:~/Workspaces/hello-keda$ kubectl logs -n keda keda-operator-dbfbd6bdb-49cg7
standard_init_linux.go:211: exec user process caused "exec format error"

There are really two issues we would need to tackle to get this running on an ARM based cluster.  The first is to build KEDA for ARM since the helm charts we used (as we see above) are for x86.  

The second is to build our function container with ARM.  This is doable by using a different base label:  While (at present) there is not a 3.0-arm32v7, there is a 2.0-arm32v7 tag: https://hub.docker.com/_/microsoft-azure-functions-base

Mcr.microsoft.com doesn’t work with browse (neither ‘docker images ls’ nor the npm app docker-browse work with it) and the website doesn’t list tags: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-functions/functions-versions

I found a tag of “arm” for keda core (but not medtrics apiserver)

However, while the image launches, it doesn’t actually work:

--- a/deploy/12-operator.yaml
+++ b/deploy/12-operator.yaml
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ spec:
       serviceAccountName: keda-operator
       containers:
         - name: keda-operator
- image: docker.io/kedacore/keda:1.3.0
+ image: docker.io/kedacore/keda:arm
           command:
           - keda
           args:

Error from pod:

Events:
  Type Reason Age From Message
  ---- ------ ---- ---- -------
  Normal Scheduled <unknown> default-scheduler Successfully assigned keda/keda-operator-8996c6b48-54x7k to raspberrypi
  Normal Pulled 41m (x4 over 42m) kubelet, raspberrypi Successfully pulled image "docker.io/kedacore/keda:arm"
  Normal Created 41m (x4 over 42m) kubelet, raspberrypi Created container keda-operator
  Warning Failed 41m (x4 over 42m) kubelet, raspberrypi Error: failed to create containerd task: OCI runtime create failed: container_linux.go:346: starting container process caused "exec: \"keda\": executable file not found in $PATH": unknown
  Normal Pulling 40m (x5 over 42m) kubelet, raspberrypi Pulling image "docker.io/kedacore/keda:arm"
  Warning BackOff 2m51s (x183 over 42m) kubelet, raspberrypi Back-off restarting failed container

Summary

KEDA paired with Functions is a great way to develop local Azure functions without needing to actually host them in the cloud.  We should be able to use this with any Kubernetes cluster, not just AKS.  I could easily foresee this as a great to take Azure Functions written for Azure and bring them to EKS or GKE if one needs to support cross cloud without rewriting them into Google Cloud Functions or AWS Lambdas.

keda aks k8s getting-started tutorial

Isaac Johnson

Isaac Johnson

Cloud Solutions Architect

Isaac is a CSA and DevOps engineer who focuses on cloud migrations and devops processes. He also is a dad to three wonderful daughters (hence the references to Princess King sprinkled throughout the blog).

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